Thyroid Nodules and Cancer

Diseases of the thyroid glands are common, affecting millions of Americans.  The thyroid gland can become enlarged from over-activity (as in Grave’s disease) or from under-activity (as in hypothyroidism). Patients may develop “lumps” (cysts or nodules) in their thyroid glands, which are usually benign, yet should be evaluated by a doctor who will examine your neck, feel the thyroid and any mass in it.

Other tests your doctor may recommend:

  • Ultrasound examination of your neck and thyroid
  • Blood tests of thyroid function
  • Radioactive thyroid scan
  • Fine needle aspiration biopsy
  • Chest X-ray
  • CT or MRI scan
  • Surgical removal of part or all of the thyroid gland